Le thème du sujet d’anglais pour le concours commun des IEP 2019 était un sujet de société, un marronnier journalistique: le coût des grandes écoles. Il était d’autant plus intéressant de souligner ques les IEP de province ont la particularité d’être une grande école bien moins onéreuse que les écoles de commerce ou Sciences Po Paris par exemple. Ce qui contribue à leur succès, et qui pouvait être précisé au sein de votre essay 😉
Les synonymes comme l’essay semblaient globalement moins difficiles que la plupart des sujets proposés par le passé. La source, the Guardian, n’était ni déroutante ni difficile à anticiper. Il s’agit certainement, avec The Economist, du périodique le plus utilisé pour les concours des IEP. il demeure d’ailleurs, pour ceux qui les préparent, un journal de référence à lire absolument régulièrement.
Voici le lien de l’article. Et voici une proposition de corrigé.
I) Anglais épreuve de Compréhension:
1) Why did the journalist experience a culture shock when he first applied to Oxbridge?
Although the journalist came from a white-collared background with educated parents, he had not attended an exclusive public school but a comprehensive school. Consequently, he had not been groomed from day one to become an Oxbridge student. He lacked the codes and the insider knowledge necessary to fit in. Even his teachers did not have a clue how to prepare him for his interview.
2) Why are so few state school students accepted to Oxbridge?
The two main reasons why few state-school students are accepted to Oxbridge are, first, self-censorship and secondly an inadequate preparation within their schools. They lack the self-confidence of public school students who know they belong to the elite. This puts them at a disadvantage when they do apply to Oxbridge but, very often, it simply deters them from even trying. Furthermore, state-school students are still very much looked down upon and their skills are still often questioned within Oxbridge itself.
3) What solution does he suggest for overcoming social inequality at Oxbridge?
The journalist believes that the social and cultural inequalities between students need to be taken into account in the selection process. Indeed, the best students coming from underprivileged backgrounds are often more deserving when it comes to their academic achievements because they had to overcome many obstacles to be the best in their schools. So the journalist suggests looking differently at students’ A-level results and giving more weight to slightly less than perfect results of poorer students since it is much easier to have straight As in a privileged environment and therefore not necessarily a guarantee of a student’s true skills.
II) Anglais épreuve de Synonymes:
1) TO TRY=TO GIVE A GO
3) TO START=TO KICK OFF
6) TO INITIATE=TO LAUNCH
7) TO RECRUIT=TO ENROL
Les candidats devaient réaliser un essai de 300 mots. Souvent, sur cette épreuve, la réflexion fait défaut, et les candidats perdent des points à vouloir faire des phrases longues et compliquées. Il vaut mieux privilégier des phrases courtes, c’est le meilleur moyen de ne pas faire de fautes. Car voici ce qui se passe dans ces cas là dans la tête du correcteur de l’épreuve d’anglais:
Trêve de plaisanterie, voici une proposition de correction à la question posée:
TO WHAT EXTENT DOES EDUCATION PROMOTE SOCIAL MOBILITY IN TODAY’S WORLD?
The possibility to improve one’s life or place in society has always been a thing that matters for human beings. The ways and means to climb up the social ladder are various and have differed from one moment in history to another. Commonly, it is thought that education is the factor that helps people make their social background better. Even if limits to this statement can be found, this is mainly true.
Getting a high-skilled qualification or a prestigious diploma enables to reach jobs with responsibilities, an occupation with a high income or a self-fulfilling and motivating position. The ever-growing success of some prestigious competitive exams such as Sciences Po in France may underline this trend. Universities of the so-called Ivy League in the USA meet a growing popularity. The recent scandals among TV stars ready to do anything to have their children enter those prove the point. In that case, the role of money in education seems relevant: even rich people tend to favor education for their offspring. They could have ensured a financial future for the latter but for them, as well as for the middle class or the working class, education is the key.
The role of money in education and consequently in social mobility is paradoxical: if it is not the aim, it remains an essential tool. A lack of it prevents anybody from reaching top schools or colleges.
To conclude, it has to be admitted that, in spite of the role of networks or of wealthy roots, studies remain a chief ingredient to foster social improvement. As it is commonly said, education is obviously the most profitable investment today.